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建筑物防雷设计规范条文说明

作者:        发布日期:2018-09-30        点击量:195

彩70app DIYIZHANGZONGZE  

1.0.1YOURENRENWEI,JIANZHUWUANZHUANGFANGLEIZHUANGZHIHOUJIUWANWUYISHILE。CONGJINGJIGUANDIANCHUFA,YAODADAOZHEIDIANSHITAILANGFEILE。YINCI,TEZHICHU“HUOJIANSHAO”,YISHIBUSHIWANWUYISHI,YINWEIANZHAOBENGUIFANSHEJIDEFANGLEIZHUANGZHIDEFANGLEIANQUANDUBUSHI100%。  

DIERZHANGJIANZHUWUDEFANGLEIFENLEI  

2.0.1JIANGGONGYEHEMINYONGJIANZHUWUHEBINGFENLEI,FENWEISANLEI。  

BENGUIFANDUIDIYILEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWUHEDIER、SANLEIDEYIBUFEN(RUBAOZHAWEIXIANHUANJING、WENWU)RENGYANYONGYIWANGDEZUOFA,BUKAOLVYIWEIXIANDUZUOWEIFENLEIDEJICHU。DUIYUDIER、SANLEIZHONGYIXIENANYUQUEDINGDEJIANZHUWUZEGENJUWEIXIANDUZHEIYIJICHULAIHUAFEN。DUIWEIXIANDUDEFENXI,JIANBENGUIFANDI2.0.3TIAODESHUOMING。  

2.0.2DIYIKUAN,BAOZHAWUZHI:  

ZHAYAO——HEISUOJIN、TEQUER、SANXIAOJIJIABEN、KUWEISUAN、XIAOANZHAYAODENG;  

HUOYAO——DANJIWUYANHUOYAO、SHUANGJIWUYANHUOYAO、HEIHUOYAO、XIAOHUAMIAN、XIAO  

HUAGANYOUDENG,  

QIBAOYAO——LEIGONG、DANHUAQIANDENG;  

HUOGONGPIN——YINXIN、LEIGUAN、HUOMAODENG。  

DISANKUAN,YUANGUIFANZHONGYOUGUANBAOZHAHUOZAIWEIXIANCHANGSUODEFENLEIMINGCHENGANXIANZAIXINDEBAOZHAHUOZAIWEIXIANHUANJINGDEFENQUMINGCHENGXIUGAI。QIXIANGDUIYINGDEGUANXIJIANBIAO2.1。  

YINWEI1QUKUAYUEQYI1HEQYI2LIANGGEJIBIE,YINCI,1QUJIANZHUWUKENENGHUAWEIDIYILEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWU,YEKENENGHUAWEIDIERLEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWU。QIQUFENZAIYUSHIFOUHUIZAOCHENGJUDAPOHUAIHERENSHENSHANGWANG。LIRU,YIRANYETIBENGFANG,DANGBUZHIZAIDIMIANSHANGSHI,QIBAOZHAWEIXIANHUANJINGYIBANWEI2QU,ZEGAIBENGFANGKEHUAWEIDIERLEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWU。DANDANGGONGYIYAOQIUBUZHIZAIDIXIAHUOBANDIXIASHI,ZAIYIRANYETI  

DEZHENGQIYUKONGQIDEHUNHEWUDEBIZHONGZHONGYUKONGQI,YOUWUKEKAODEJIXIETONGFENGSHEJIDEQINGKUANGXIA,BAOZHAXINGHUNHEWUJIUBUYIKUOSAN,GAIBENGFANGJIUYAOHUAWEI:QUBAOZHAWEIXIANHUANJING。RUGAIBENGFANGXIDAXINGSHIYOUHUAGONGLIANHEQIYEDEYUANYOUBENGFANG,DANGBENGFANGZAOLEIJIJIUKENENGHUISHIGONGCHANGTINGCHAN,ZAOCHENGJUDAJINGJISUNSHIHERENYUANSHANGWANG,YINCI,ZHEILEIBENGFANGYINGHUAWEIDIYILEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWU;RUGAIBENGFANGXISHIYOUKUDEXIEYOUBENGFANG,PINGSHIJIANDUANCAOZUO,SUIYINLEIDIANHUOHUAKENENGYINFABAOZHAZAOCHENGJINGJISUNSHIHERENYUANSHANGWANG,DANXIANGDUILAISHUOYAOSHAODEDUO,ZEZHEILEIBENGFANGKEHUAWEIDIERLEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWU。  

彩70app 2.0.3DISIKUAN,YOUXIEBAOZHAWUZHI,BUYIYINDIANHUOHUAERYINQIBAOZHA,DANBAOZHAHOUPOHUAILIJIAODA,RUXIAOXINGPAODANKU,QIANGDANKUYIJIXIAOHUAMIANTUOSHUIHEBAOZHUANGDENGJUNSHUDIERLEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWU。  

DIWUKUAN,JIANBENGUIFANDI2.0.2TIAOSANKUANDESHUOMING。  

DIBAKUAN,XUANZEFANGLEIZHUANGZHIDEMUDEZAIYUJIANGXUYAOFANGZHIJILEIDEJIANZHUWUDENIANSUNHUAIWEIXIANDURZHI(XUYAOFANGLEIDEJIANZHUWUMEINIANKENENGZAOLEIJIERSUNHUAIDEGAILV)JIANDAOXIAOYUHUODENGYUKEJIESHOUDEZUIDASUNHUAIWEIXIANDUCHIZHI(JIR≤Ro)。  

彩70app BENZHANGZHONGDUIYUXUZUOJISUANNIANLEIJICISHUJIEXIANDETIAOWENCAIYONGMEINIAN10-5DERoZHI。JIMEINIANSHIWANFENZHIYIDESUNHUAIGAILV。  

JIYUJIANZHUWUNIANYUJILEIJICISHU(N)HEJIYUFANGLEIZHUANGZHIHUOJIANZHUWUZAOLEIJIYICIFASHENGSUNHUAIDEZONGHEGAILV(P),DUIYUSHIJIANZHOUQIT=1NIAN,ZAINPT<<1DETIAOJIANXIA(SUOYOUZHENSHIQINGKUANGDOUMANZUZHEIYITIAOJIAN),XIAMIANDEGUANXISHISHISHIYONGDE:  

R=1-exp(-NPt)=NP,JI  

R=NP(2.1)  

P=Pi·PmSHIPf·Pfd(2.2)  

SHIZHONGPi——FANGLEIZHUANGZHIJIESHOULEIJIDEGAILV,HUOFANGLEIZHUANGZHIDEJIESHOUXIAOLV(YE  

YONGEiBIAOSHI),QIZHIYUJIESHANQIDEBUZHIYOUGUAN;  

Pf——SHANDIANCHUANGUOFANGLEIZHUANGZHIJIDAOXUYAOBAOHUDEJIANZHUWUDEKAILV,YE  

JIFANGLEIZHUANGZHIJIESHOULEIJISHIBAIDEKAILV,DENGYU(1YIPi)HUO  

彩70app (1YIEi);  

彩70app Pid——FANGLEIZHUANGZHIJIESHOULEIJIHOUSUOXUANYONGDEGEZHONGCHICUNHEGUIGEBAOHU  

SHIBAIERFASHENGSUNHUAIDEGAILV;  

Pfd——FANGLEIZHUANGZHIMEIYOUJIEDAOLEIJIERFASHENGSUNHUAIDEGAILV。  

YICILEIJIHOUKENENGTONGSHIZAIBUTONGDIDIANFASHENGnCHUSUNHUAI,MEICHUSUNHUAIDEFENGAILVWEIPk;ZHEIXIEFENGAILVSHIBINGLIANZUCHENG,YINCI,YICILEIJIDEZONGSUNHUAIGAILVWEI:  

Pd=1YIPO(lYIPk)(2.3)  

FENSUNHUAIGAILVBAOHANZHEIYANGYIXIESHIJIAN,RUBAOZHA、HUOZAI、SHENGMINGCHUDIAN、JIXIEXINGSUNHUAI、MINGANDIANZIHUODIANQISHEBEISUNHUAIHUOSHOUDAOGANRAODENGDENG。  

ZAIQUEDINGFENSUNHUAIGAILVSHI,YINGKAOLVDAOTONGSHIFASHENGLIANGLEISHIJIAN,JIYINFASUNHUAIDESHIJIAN(RUJINSHURONGHUA、DAOTICHIRE、CEXIANGTIAOJI、BURONGXUDEJIECHUDIANYAHUOKUABUDIANYA,DENGDENG)HEBEISUNHUAIWUTIDECHUXIAN(JIREN、KERANWU、BAOZHAXINGHUNHEWUDENGDENGDECUNZAI)ZHEILIANGLEISHIJIANTONGSHIFASHENG。  

彩70app CHUXIANYINFASUNHUAIDESHIJIANDEGAILVZHIJIEHUOJIANJIEYUSHANJICANLIANGDEFENBUGAILVYOUGUAN,ZAISHEJIFANGLEIZHUANGZHIHEXUANYONGQIGUIGECHICUNSHISHIYIJUSHANJICANLIANGDE。  

ZAIYINFASHIJIANDEDIFANGCHUXIANKENENGBEISUNHUAIDEZHOUWEIWUTIDEGAILVQUJUEYUJIANZHUWUDETEDIAN、CUNFANGWUHEYONGTU。  

彩70app WEIJIANHUAQIJIAN,JIADING:  

1.ZAIYINFASHIJIANDEDIFANGCHUXIANKENENGBEISUNHUAIDEZHOUWEIWUTIDEGAILVDUIMEIYILEISUNHUAICAIYONGXIANGTONGDEZHI,YONGGONGTONGGAILVPrDAITI;  

2.MEIYOUBEIJIEDAODELEIJI(ZHIJILEI)SUOYINFARDESUNHUAISHIKENDINGDE,SUNHUAIDECHUXIANYUKENENGBEISUNHUAIDEZHOUWEIWUTIDECHUXIANSHITONGSHIFASHENGDE,YINCI,Pfd=Pr;  

3.BEIJIESHOUDAODELEIJIYINFASUNHUAIDEZONGGAILVZHIYUFANGLEIZHUANGZHIDECHICUNXIAOLVEsYOUGUAN,BINGJIADINGDENGYU(1-Es)。EsGUIDINGWEIZHEIYANGYIGEZONGHEGAILV,JIBEIJIESHOUDELEIJIZAICIGAILVXIABUYINGDUIBEIBAOHUKONGJIANZAOCHENGSUNHAI。EsYUYONGLAIDINGJIESHANQI、YINXIAXIAN、JIEDIZHUANGZHIDECHANGCUNHEGUIGEDESHANJICANLIANGZHIYOUGUAN。  

JIANGSHANGSHUJIADINGDAIRU(2.2)SHI,JIJIANGYIXIAGEXIANGDAIRU:PiYONGEiDAIRU,PfYONG(1YIEi)DAIRU,PfdYONGPrDAIRU,PidYONGPr(1YIEs)DAIRU;CIWAI,YINRUYIGEFUJIAXISHUWr,TASHIKAOLVLEIJIHOUGUODEYIGEXISHU,HOUGUOYUEYANZHONG,WrZHIYUEDA。YINCI,(2.2)SHIZHUANHUAWEI:  

彩70app P=PrWr(1YIEiEs)(2.4)  

GAILVPrYINGKANZUOSHIYIGEXISHU,TABIAOSHIJIANZHUWUZISHENBAOHUDECHENGDUHUOBIAOSHIKAOLVZHEIYANGDEZHENSHIQINGKUANGDEYIGEYINSU,JIBUSHIMEIYIGEDADAOXUYAOFANGLEIDEJIANZHUWUDELEIJIHEBUSHIMEIYIGESHIFANGLEIZHUANGZHISUOXUANYONGDEGUIGEHECHICUNSHIBAIDELEIJIJUNZAOCHENGSUNHUAI。PrZHIZHUYAOQUJUEYUJIANZHUWUDETEDIAN,TADEJIEGOU、YONGTU、CUNFANGWUHUOSHEBEI。  

彩70app η=Ei·Es(2.5)  

彩70app ηHUOEi·EsWEIFANGLEIZHUANGZHIDEXIAOLV。  

彩70app CONG(2.1)、(2.4)、(2.5)SHIDE:  

R=NPrWr(1-η),η=1-R/NPrWr  

RUGUORZHICAIYONGKEJIESHOUDEZUIDASUNHUAIWEIXIANDURo=10-5,BINGSHI  

彩70app No=Ro/PrWr=10-5/PrWr(2.6)  

SHIZHONGNo——JIANZHUWUKEJIESHOUDENIANYUNXUZAOLEIJICISHU。  

YINCI,FANGLEIZHUANGZHISUOXUYAODEXIAOLVYINGFUHEXIASHI:  

η≥1-Nc/N(2.7)  

彩70app GENJUIECYITC81DEYOUGUANZILIAO,DISANLEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWUSUOZHUANGSHEDEFANGLEIZHUANGZHIDEYOUGUANZHIJIANBIAO2.2。  

GENJUYANSUANHEDUIBI(LINGJIANBENTIAODIJIUKUANHEBENGUIFANDI2.0.4TIAOER、SAN、SIKUANSHUOMING),BENGUIFANDUIYIBANJIANZHUWUHEGONGGONGJIANZHUWUSUOCAIYONGDEPtWt,ZHIJIANBIAO2.3。  

彩70app CONGBIAO2.2DEBAOHUDISANLEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWUDEFANGLEIZHUANGZHIDEXIAOLVηZHIWEI0.8。CONGBIAO2.3CHADEGONGGONGJIANZHUWUDENoZHIWEI1.2·10-2。JIANGZHEILIANGGESHUZHIDAIRUGUANXISHI(2.7),DE0.8≥1YI(1.2·10-2/N),SUOYIN≤1.2·10-2/0.2=0.006。ZHEIBIAOMINGDUIZHEILEIJIANZHUWURUCAIYONGDISANLEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWUDEFANGLEICUOSHI,ZHIDUIN≤0.06DEJIANZHUWUBAOZHENGRoZHIBUDAYU10-5。DANGN>0.06SHIRoZHIDABUDAO(JIDAYU)10-5,YINCI,DANGN>0.06SHISHENGJICAIYONGDIERLEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWUDEFANGLEICUOSHI。  

彩70app JIANGBU、SHENGJIBANGONGJIANZHUWULIERU,SHIKAOLVQISUOCUNFANGDEWENJIANHEZILIAODEZHONGYAOXING。RENYUANMIJIDEGONGGONGJIANZHUWU,RUJIHUI、ZHANLAN、BOLAN、TIYU、SHANGYE、YINGJUYUAN、YIYUAN、XUEXIAODENGJIANZHUWU。  

彩70app DIJIUKUAN,CONGBIAO2.2DEBAOHUDISANLEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWUDEFANGLEIZHUANGZHIDELEZHIWEI0.8。CONGBIAO2.3CHADEYIBANJIANZHUWUDENoZHIWEI6·10-2。JIANGZHEILIANGGESHUZHIDAIRUGUANXISHI(2.7),DECHU0.8≥1YI6·10-2/N,SUOYIN≤6·10-2/0.2=0.3。ZHEIBIAOMINGDUIZHEILEIJIANZHUWURUCAIYONGDISANLEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWUDEFANGLEICUOSHI,ZHIDUIW≤0.3DEJIANZHUWUBAOZHENGRoZHIBUDAYU10-5。DANGW<0.3SHIRoZHIDABUDAO(JIDAYU)10-5,YINCI,DANGN>0.3SHISHENGJICAIYONGDIERLEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWUDEFANGLEICUOSHI。  

彩70app .2.0.4DIERKUAN,DANGMEIYOUFANGLEIDAIZHISHIη=0,CONGBIAO2.3CHADEGONGGONGJIANZHUWUDENo=1.2·10-2。JIANGZHEILIANGGESHUZHIDAIRUGUANXISHI(2.7),DE0≥1YI(1.2·10-2/N),SUOYIV≤0.012。ZHEIBIAOMINGDUIZHEILEIJIANZHUWUDANGN<0.012SHIKEYIBUSHEFANGLEIZHUANGZHI;DANGV≥0.02SHIYAOSHEFANGLEIZHUANGZHI。  

彩70app DISAN、SIKUAN,DANGMEIYOUFANGLEIZHUANGZHISHI,η=0,CONGBIAO2.3CHADEYIBANJIANZHUWUDENo=6·10-2。JIANGZHEILIANGGESHUZHIDAIRUGUANXISHI(2.7))DE0≥1YI6·10-2/N,SUOYIy≤0.06。ZHEIBIAOMINGDUIZHEILEIJIANZHUWUDANGN<0.06SHIKEYIBUSHEFANGLEIZHUANGZHI;DANGN≥0.06SHIYAOSHEFANGLEIZHUANGZHI。  

彩70app XIAMIANYONGZHANG60m、KUAN13m(JISIGEDANYUANZHUZHAI)DEYIBANJIANZHUWUZUOWEILIZIJINXINGYANSUANDUIBI。QIJIEGUOLIEYUBIAO2.4。YUANGUIFANDEJIANZHUWUNIANJISUANLEIJICISHUDEJINGYANGONGSHIWEIYUANGUIFANDE(FU2.1)SHI。BENGUIFANDEJIANZHUWUNIANYUJILEIJICISHUWEI(FU1.1)SHI。KZHIJUNQU1。  

彩70app YAOJINGQUEJIJIZHOUWEIWUTIDUIJIANZHUWUDENGXIAOMIANJIDEYINGXIANG,JISUANQILAIHENFANZA,YINCI,LVEQUZHEILEIYINGXIANGDEJINGQUEJISUAN。DANZAIXUANYONGYIXIECANSHUSHIYISHIDANGZUOLEXIUZHENG。NDEJISUANJIANBENGUIFANFULUYI。  

DISANZHANGJIANZHUWUDEFANGLEICUOSHI  

DIYIJIEYIBANGUIDING  

3.1.1BENTIAOGUIDINGJINDUIZHIZAO、SHIYONGHEZHUCUNBAOZHAWUZHIDEJIANZHUWUHEBAOZHAWEIXIANHUANJINGCAIQUFANGLEIDIANGANYING。QITAFANGLEIJIANZHUWUKEYIBUFANGLEIDIANGANYING。LEIDIANGANYINGKENENGGANYINGCHUXIANGDANGGAODEDIANYAERFASHENGHUOHUAFANGDIANYINFASHIGU。  

ZAIYIBANXINGJIANZHUWUNEI,ZAIBUDAIDIANDEJINSHUWUSHANGLEIDIANGANYINGSUOCHANSHENGDEHUOHUAFANGDIAN,YOUYUQINENGLIANGXIAO、SHIJIANJIDUAN,TONGCHANGBUHUIYINFAHUOZAIWEIXIAN。ZAI220/380VXITONGDEDAIDIANTISHANGDELEIDIANGANYING,YOUYUCAIQUFANGLEIDIANBOQINRUHEFANGFANJIDECUOSHI,CIWENTIYEGENZHEDEDAOJIEJUE。  

彩70app GUANYUDIANZIYUANJIANDEGUODIANYABAOHUFENSANBUFEN,JI220/380VDIANYUANBUFEN、XINXIXIANLU、YOUDIANZIYUANJIANDESHEBEIBENSHEN。XINXIXIANLUDEGUODIANYABAOHUYINGYOUXINXIXIANLUSHEJIZHEJIEJUE。SHEBEIBENSHENDEYINGYOUZHIZAOCHANGJIEJUE。DIANYUANBUFENYOUFENLIANGBUFEN,JIJIANZHUWUDEDIANYUANJINXIANHEJIEZHIYOUDIANZIYUANJIANDEZHUANGZHIDEDIANYUANBUFEN(RUCHAZUO、FENPEIDIANXIANG),BENGUIFANJINJIEJUEDIANYUANJINXIANBUFEN,TAYUFANGLEIDIANBOQINRUHEFANGFANJIDECUOSHIYIQIJIEJUE。ZHIYUZAIZHUANGDENGFUJINDEGONGDIANSHIFOUSHEGUODIANYABAOHUQI,YINGGENJUSHEBEIDEZHONGYAOXINGYOUXINXIXIANLUSHEJIZHEYIQIJIEJUE,HUOYOUSHEBEISHIYONGZHEJIEJUEHUOYOUZHIZAOCHANGTIGONG。CIWAI,SHEBEIWAIQIAOJIQIWAIJIEJINSHUGUANXIANYOUYUDIANQIANQUANHUOPINGBIXUYAOYIZUOJIEDI,ZHEIYEDADADIJIANSHAOLELEIDIANGANYINGDEWEIXIANXING。  

BENGUIFANXIANRENGCAIYONGYUANLAIGUIDINGDEFANGLEIFANGFA,JIFANGZHIJILEI、FANGLEIDIANGANYINGHEFANGLEIDIANBOQINRU。GUOJIDIANGONGWEIYUANHUI1990NIANBANIECI024YI1:1990BIAOZHUNJIANZHUWUFANGLEIDIYIBUFENTONGZE(YIXIAJIANCHENGIECI024YI1)DENEIRONGYEBAOKUOLEZHEIXIEFANGMIANDEYAOQIU,BUGUOJIAOFABUTONG。YOUXIEGUOJIAHESHANGSHUIECDEFANG  

彩70app LEIBIAOZHUNJIANGFANGLEIFENWEIWAIBUFANGLEIHENEIBUFANGLEI。SUOWEIWAIBUFANGLEIJIUSHIFANGZHIJILEI(BUBAOKUOFANGZHIFANGLEIZHUANGZHISHOUDAOZHIJIELEIJISHIXIANGQITAWUTIDEFANJI),NEIBUFANGLEIBAOKUOFANGLEIDIANGANYING、FANGFANJIYIJIFANGLEIDIANBOQINRUHEFANGSHENGMINGWEIXIAN。BENGUIFANDEFANGZHIJILEIBAOHANFANGFANJIDENEIRONG。  

3.1.2WEISHUOMINGDENGDIANWEIDEZUOYONGHEYIBANDEZUOFA,XIAMIANZHAIYIIECI024YI1DE~XIEYOUGUANGUIDING:  

3.NEIBUFANGLEIZHUANGZHI  

彩70app 3.1DENGDIANWEILIANJIE  

彩70app 3.1.1TONGZE  

WEIJIANXIAOZAIXUYAOFANGLEIDEKONGJIANNEIFASHENGHUOZAI、BAOZHA、SHENGMINGWEIXIAN,DENGDIANWEISHIYIHENZHONGYAODECUOSHI。  

彩70app DENGDIANWEISHIYONGLIANJIEDAOXIANHUOGUODIANYABAOHUQIJIANGCHUZAIXUYAOFANGLEIDEKONGJIANNEIDEFANGLEIZHUANGZHI、JIANZHUWUDEJINSHUGOUJIA、JINSHUZHUANGZHI、WAILAIDEDAOTIWU、DIANQIHEDIANXUNZHUANGZHIDENGLIANJIEQILAI。  

彩70app DANGXUYAOFANGLEIDEKONGJIANSHEYOUFANGLEIZHUANGZHISHI,CHUYUGAIKONGJIANZHIWAIDEJINSHUGOUJIAKENENGSHOUDAOLEIDIANXIAOYING。ZAISHEJIZHEIYANGDEFANGLEIZHUANGZHISHIYINGGUJIZHEIZHONGXIAOYING。DUICHUYUGAIKONGJIANZHIWAIDEJINSHUGOUJIAKENENGYEXUYAOZUODENGDIANWEILIANJIE。  

DANGBUSHEFANGLEIZHUANGZHIDANXUYAOFANGCONGWAILAIGUANXIANYINLAIDELEIDIANXIAOYINGSHI,YEYINGZUODENGDIANWEILIANJIE。  

彩70app 3.1.2JINSHUZHUANGZHIDEDENGDIANWEILIANJIE  

YINGZAIYIXIADIDIANZUODENGDIANWEILIANJIE:  

彩70app (A)ZAIDIXIASHIHUOZAIKAOJINDIPINGMIANCHU。LIANJIEDAOXIANYINGLIANDAOLIANJIEBAN(LIANJIEMUXIAN)SHANG,LIANJIEBANDEGOUCHENGHEANZHUANGYAOYIYUJIEJINJIANCHA。LIANJIEBANYINGYUJIEDIZHUANGZHILIANJIE。DUIYUDAXINGJIANZHUWU,RUGUOLIANJIEBANZHIJIANYOULIANJIE,KEZHUANGSHEDUOKUAILIANJIEBAN;  

(B)GAODUCHAOGUO20mDEJIANZHUWU,ZAIDIMIANYISHANGCHUIZHIMEIGEBUDAGAN20mCHU;LIANJIEBANYINGYULIANJIEGEYINXIAXIANDESHUIPINGHUANXINGDAOTILIANJIE(JIAN2.2.3KUAN);  

(C)ZAINEIXIEMANZUBULEANQUANJULIDEDIFANG(JIAN3.2JIE)。  

彩70app DUIYOUDIANQIGUANTONGGANGJINWANGDEGANGJINHUNNINGSHANGJIANZHUWU、GANGGOUJIAJIANZHUWU、YOUDENGXIAOPINGBIZUOYONGDEJIANZHUWU,JIANZHUWUNEIDEJINSHUZHUANGZHITONGCHANGBUXUYAOSHANGSHU(B)KUANHE(C)KUANDEDENGDIANWEILIANJIE。  

彩70app ……  

彩70app 3.1.3WAILAIDAOTIDEDENGDIANWEILIANJIE  

彩70app YINGJINKENENGZAIKAOJINJINHUDIANCHUDUIWAILAIDAOTIZUODENGDIANWEILIANJIE。……  

3.1.5ZAITONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIADIANQIHETONGXINZHUANGZHIDEDENGDIANWEILIANJIE  

DIANQIHETONGXINZHUANGZHIYINGAN3.1.2KUANDEYAOQIUZUODENGDIANWEILIANJIE。YINGJINLIANGZAIKAOJINJINHUDIANCHUZUODENGDIANWEILIANJIE。  

彩70app RUGUODAOTIYOUPINGBICENGHUOCHUANYUJINSHUGUANNEI,DANGZHEILEIPINGBIWUSHANGDEDIANZUYAJIANGSUOXINGCHENGDEDIANWEICHABUWEIJIDIANLANHESUOLIANJIEDESHEBEISHI,TONGCHANGZHIJIANGZHEILEIPINGBIWUZUODENGDIANWEILIANJIEJIUZUGOULE。  

XIANLUDESUOYOUDAOTIYINGZUOZHIJIEHUOFEIZHIJIELIANJIE。XIANGXIANYINGJINTONGGUOGUODIANYABAOHUQILIANDAOFANGLEIZHUANGZHISHANG。ZAITNXITONGZHONG,PEHUOPENXIANYINGZHIJIELIANDAOFANGLEIZHUANGZHISHANG。  

……  

3.3FANGSHENGMINGWEIXIAN  

彩70app ZAIXUYAOFANGLEIDEKONGJIANNEIFANGFASHENGSHENGMINGWEIXIANDEZUIZHONGYAOCUOSHISHICAIYONGDENGDIANWEILIANJIE。  

DIERJIEDIYILEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWUDEFANGLEICUOSHI  

3.2.1DIYIKUAN,ZAIYUANGUIDINGDEJICHUSHANG,YUDULIBILEIZHEN、JIAKONGBILEIXIANBINGLIE,BUCHONGCAIYONGJIAKONGBILEIWANG。  

DIERKUAN,YALIDANWEIYONGPaJIkPa,TAMENSHIFADINGZHILIANGDANWEI。BIAOZHUNDAQIYALIWEIFEIFADINGJILIANGDANWEI,YIDANYOUGUANGUOJIXUESHUZUZHIXUANBUFEICHUSHI,WOGUOYEJIANGSUIZHETINGZHISHIYONG。YINCI,BIAO3.2.1ZHONGDEYALIDANWEICAIYONGkPa。YIGEBIAOZHUNDAQIYA=1.01325×l05pa=1.01325×102kpa。  

彩70app “JIESHANQIYULEISHANDEJIECHUDIANYINGSHEZAISHANGSHUKONGJIANZHIWAI”,JIECHUDIANCHUYUGAIKONGJIANDEZHENGSHANGFANGZHIWAIYESHUYU“ZAISHANGSHUKONGJIANZHIWAI”。  

彩70app DIWUKUAN,WEIFANGZHILEIJIDIANLIULIUGUOFANGLEIZHUANGZHISHISUOCHANSHENGDEGAODIANWEIDUIBEIBAOHUDEJIANZHUWUHUOYUQIYOULIANXIDEJINSHUWUFASHENGFANJI,YINGSHIFANGLEIZHUANGZHIYUZHEIXIEWUTIZHIJIANBAOCHIYIDINGDEANQUANJULI。  

FANGLEIZHUANGZHIDISHANGGAODUhxCHUDEDIANWEIWEI:  

U=UrSHIUl=IRiSHILo·Hx·Di/Dt  

(3.1)  

YOUYUMEIYOUGENGHELIDEFANGFA,YUYUANGUIFANXIANGTONG,ANQUANJULIRENGANDIANZUDIANYAJIANGHEDIANGANDIANYAJIANGXIANGYINGQIUCHUDEJULIXIANGJIAERDE。YINCI,XIANGYINGDEANQUANJULIWEI:  

Sol=IRi/ErSHI[Lo·Hx·(Di/Dt)]/lE(3.2)  

彩70app SHIZHONGUr——LEIDIANLIULIUGUOFANGLEIZHUANGZHISHIJIEDIZHUANGZHISHANGDEDIANZUDIANYAJIANG  

(kV);  

Ul——LEIDIANLIULIUGUOFANGLEIZHUANGZHISHIYINXIAXIANSHANGDEDIANGANDIANYAJIANG  

彩70app (kV);  

彩70app Rj——JIEDIZHUANGZHIDECHONGJIJIEDIDIANZU(Ω);  

彩70app Di/Dt——LEIDIANLIUDOUDU(kA/μs);  

I——LEIDIANLIUFUZHI(kA);  

彩70app LoYIYIYINXIAXIANDEDANWEIZHANGDUDIANGAN(μH/m),QUQIDENGYU500KV  

彩70app /m;  

ErYI—DIANZUDIANYAJIANGDEKONGQIJICHUANQIANGDU(kV/m),QUQIDENGYU  

彩70app 500kv/m;  

彩70app ElYI—DIANGANDIANYAJIANGDEKONGQIJICHUANQIANGDU(kv/m)。  

CANKAOIECYITC81DEYOUGUANWENJIAN,BENGUIFANGELEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWUSUOCAIYONGDELEIDIANLIUCANLIANGSHIYUBIAO3.1HEBIAO3.2。  

GENJUDUILEIDIANSUOCELIANGDECANSHUDEZHI,LEIDIANDIANLIUZUIDAFUZHICHUXIANDIYICIZHENGJIXINGHUOFUJIXINGLEIJI,LEIDIANLIUZUIDADOUDUCHUXIANYUDIYICILEIJIYIHOUDEFULEIJI。ZHENGJIXINGLEIJITONGCHANGJINCHUXIANYICI,WUZHONGFULEIJI。  

彩70app .1ECYITC81DEYOUGUANWENJIANTICHUDIANGANDIANYAJIANGDEKONGQIJICHUANQIANGDUWEIEl=600(1+1/t1)(kv/m)。YINCI,GENJUBIAO3.1,DANGT1=10μsSHIE1=600(1+1/10)=660kv/m;GENJUBIAO3·2,DANGT1=0·25μsSHIE1=600(1SHI1/0.25)=3000KV/m。  

YIBIAO3.1DEYOUGUANCANLIANGHESHANGSHUYOUGUANSHUZHIDAIRU(3.2)SHI,QIZHONGDi/Dt=1/T1=200/10=20kA/μs,DE·Sat=200Ri/500+1.5·Hx·20/660=0.4RiSHI0.0455Hx,KAOLVJISUANJIANHUA,QUZUOSat≥0.4RiSHI0.04hx。YINCI,  

Sat≥0.4(RiSHI0.1hx)(3.3)  

SHANGSHIJIGUIFAN(3.2.1YI1)SHI。  

TONGLI,GAIYONGBIAO3.2JIQITAYOUGUANSHUZHIDAIRU(3.2)SHI,QIZHONGDi/Dt=I/T1=50/0.25=200KA/μs,DE  

Sat=50Ri/500+1.5·Hx·200/3000=0.1RI+0.1Hx。YINCI,  

Sat≥0.1(RiSHIHx)(3.4)  

SHANGSHIJIGUIFAN(3.2.1YI2)SHI。  

彩70app (3.3)SHIHE(3.4)SHIXIANGDENGDETIAOJIANWEI0.4RiSHI0.04hx=0.1RiSHI0.1hx,JIHx=5Ri。YINCI,DANGHx<5RiSHI,(3.3)SHIDEJISUANZHIDAYU(3.4)SHIDEJISUANZHI;DANGHx>5RiSHI,(3.4)SHIDEJISUANZHIDAYU(3.3)SHIDEJISUANZHI;DANGHx=5RiSHI,LIANGZHIXIANGDENG。  

彩70app GENJU《LEIDIAN》YISHUXIAJUANDI87YE(1983NIAN,LIWENENDENGYI,SHUILIDIANLICHUBANSHECHUBAN,GAISHUYIZIYINGWENBAN《Lightning》DI2JUAN,R.H.GoldeZHUBIAN,1977NIANBAN)TURANGDECHONGJIJICHUANCHANGQIANGWEI200~1000kv/m,QIPINGJUNZHIWEI600kV/m,QUYUKONGQIJICHUANQIANGDUYIYANGDESHUZHI,JI500kV/m。GENJUBIAO3·1,DUIDIYILEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWUQUI=200kA。YINCI,DIZHONGDEANQUANJULIWEI  

Sel≥IRi/500=200Ri/500=0.4RI,JI  

彩70app S≥0.4RI(3.5)  

SHANGSHIJIGUIFAN(3.2.1YI3)SHI。  

GENJUJISUAN,ZAIBILEIXIANLIGANGAODUWEI20m,BILEIXIANZHANGDUWEI50~150m,CHONGJIJIEDIDIANZUWEI3~10ΩDETIAOJIANXIA,DANGBILEIXIANLIGANDINGDIANSHOULEIJISHI,LIUGUOYIGENLIGANDELEIDIANLIUWEIQUANBULEIDIANLIUDE63%~90%,ZHAOLISalHEselKEXIANGYINGJIANXIAO,DANJISUANHENFANZA,WEILEJIANHUAJISUAN,GUBENGUIFANGUIDINGSalHEselRENGANZHAODULIBILEIZHENDEFANGFAJINXINGJISUAN。  

DILIUKUAN,ANLEIJIYUBILEIXIANDANGJUZHONGYANGKAOLVSa2,YOUYULIANGDUANFENLIU,DUIYURENYIDUANKEJINSIDIJIANGLEIDIANLIUFUZHIHEDOUDUJIANBANJISUAN。YINCI,BILEIXIANZHONGYANGDEDIANWEIWEI:U=Ur+Ul1+U1.2。YOUCIDE  

彩70app Sa2=Ur/Er+Ul1+U1.2/El,SUOYI  

Sa2=I/2·Ri/Er+(Lo1·H+Lo2·L/2)Di/Dt/2/Ei(3.6)  

彩70app SHIZHONGI、UR、Di/Dt、Er、Ei——YIYIJISUOQUDESHUZHITONGBENWENDIWUKUANDE  

彩70app SHUOMING;  

彩70app Ul1——LEIDIANLIULIUGUOFANGLEIZHUANGZHISHIYINXIAXIANSHANGDEDIANGANYAJIANG(kV);  

彩70app UL2——LEIDIANLIULIUGUOFANGLEIZHUANGZHISHIZAIBILEIXIANSHANGDEDIANGANYAJIANG(kV);  

Lo1——CHUIZHIFUSHEDEYINXIAXIANDEDANWEIZHANGDUDIANGAN(μH/m)。ANYINXIA  

XIANZHIJING8mm、GAO20mSHIDEPINGJUNZHILo1=1.69μH/mJI  

SUAN;  

彩70app Lo2——SHUIPINGBILEIXIANDEDANWEIZHANGDUDIANGAN(μH/m)。ANBILEIXIANJIEMIAN35mm2,GAO20mSHIDELo2=1.93μH/mJISUAN。  

YUBENTIAODIWUKUANSHUOMINGLEITONG,YIBIAO3.1HESHANGSHUYOUGUANDESHUZHIDAIRU(3.6)SHI,DE  

Sa2=100Ri/500SHI(1.69h+1.93l/2)10/660  

彩70app =0.2Ri+(0.0256h+0.0292l/2)  

=0.2Ri+0.03(H+l/2),YINCI  

彩70app Sa2≥0.2Ri+0.03(H+l/2)(3.7)  

彩70app SHANGSHIJIGUIFAN(3.2.1YI4)SHI。  

彩70app ZAIYIBIAO3.2HESHANGSHUYOUGUANDESHUZHIDAIRU(3.6)SHI,DE  

Sa2=0.05RI+(0.0563h+0.0643l/2)  

=0.0RI+0.06(h+l/2),  

YINCI  

Sa2≥0.05RiSHI0.06(h+l/2)(3.8)  

彩70app SHANGSHIJIGUIFAN(3.2.1YI5)SHI。  

YI(3.7)SHIDENGYU(3.8)SHI,DE  

彩70app 0.2RiSHI0.03(H+L/2)=0.05RiSHI0.06(HSHIL/2),SUOYI(H+L/2)=5Ri。QIYUDEDAOLILEITONGYUBENTIAODIWUKUAN。  

彩70app DIQIKUAN,JIANG(3.7)SHIHE(3.8)SHIZHONGDEXISHUYILIANGZHILUBINGLIANHAIYUAN,JICHENGYI2,BINGYIL1DAIL/2,ZAICHUYIYOUTONGYIJULIL1DEGESHU,ZEDECHUGUIFAN(3.2.1YI6)SHIHE(3.2.1YI7)SHI。  

JIAKONGBILEIWANGDEYIGELIZIJIANTU3.1。  

DIBAKUAN,ZAIYIBANQINGKUANGXIAGUIDINGJIEDIDIANZUBUYIDAYU10ΩSHISHIYIDE,DANZAIGAOTURANGDIANZULVDIQU,YAOQIUDIYU10ΩKENENGJISHIGONGDAILAIHENDADEKUNNAN。GUBENKUANGUIDINGWEI,ZAIMANZUANQUANJULIDEQIANTIXIA,YUNXUTIGAOJIEDIDIANZUZHI。CISHI,SUIRANZHIZHUJUJIANZHUWUYUANYIDIAN,JIESHANQIDEGAODUYIXIANGYINGZENGJIA,DANKEYIJISHIGONGDAILAIHENDAFANGBIAN,ERRENGBAOZHENGANQUAN。ZAIGAOTURANGDIANZULVDIQU,ZHEISHIYIGEYINDIZHIYIERDINGDESHUZHI,TAYINGZONGHEJIESHANQIZENGJIADEANZHUANGFEIYONGHEKENENGZUODAODEDIANZUZHILAIKAOLV,BUYIZUOYINGXINGDEGUIDING。  

彩70app 3.2.2DIYIKUAN,BEIBAOHUJIANZHUWUNEIDEJINSHUWUJIEDI,SHIFANGLEIDIANGANYINGDEZHUYAOCUOSHI。BENKUANHAIGUIDINGLEBUTONGLEIXINGWUMIANDECHULI。WUYI,JINSHUWUMIANHUOGANGJINHUNNINGSHANGWUMIANNEIDEGANGJINJINXINGJIEDI,YOULIANGHAODEFANGLEIDIANGANYINGHEYIDINGDEPINGBIZUOYONG。DUIYUGANGJINHUNNINGTUYUZHIGOUJIANZUCHENGDEWUMIAN,YAOQIUQIGANGJINJIEDIYOUSHIHUIYUDAOKUNNAN,DANXIWANGSHIGONGSHIMIQIEPEIHE,YIDADAOJIEDIYAOQIU。  

DIERKUAN,BENKUANGUIDINGJULIXIAOYU10OmmDEPINGXINGZHANGJINSHUWU,MEIGEBUDAYU30mHUXIANGLIANJIEYICISHIKAOLVDAODIANCIGANYINGSUOZAOCHENGDEDIANWEICHAZHINENGJIANGJILIMIDEKONGXIJICHUAN(JISUANJIEGUORUXIA)。DANGGUANDAOJIANJUCHAOGUO100mmSHI,JIUBUHUIFASHENGWEIXIAN。JIAOCHAGUANDAOYIZUOTONGYANGCHULI。  

LIANGGENJIANJU300mmDEPINGXINGGUANDAO,YUYINXIAXIANPINGXINGFUSHE,JUYINXIAXIAN3mBINGYUQICHUYUYIGEPINGMIANSHANG。RUGUOJIANGYINXIAXIANSHIZUOWUXIANZHANG,ZHEISHIZAIGUANDAOHUANLUNEIDEGANYINGDIANYAu(kv)WEIU=M·L·Di/Dt,TAKENENGJICHUANDEQIXIJULIdWEI:  

彩70app d=U/El=M·L·Di/Dt/El(3.9)  

SHIZHONGL——PINGXINGGUANDAOCHENGHUANLUDEZHANGDU(m),QU30mJISUAN;  

Di/Dt——LIUJINGYINXIAXIANDELEIDIANLIUDEDOUDU(kA/μs),GENJUBIAO3.  

2DECANLIANGQU200kA/μsJISUAN;  

M——1mZHANGLIANGGENJIANJU300mmPINGXINGGUANDAOHUANLUYUYINXIAXIANZHIJIANDE  

HUGAN(μH/m),JINGJISUANDEM=0.0191μH/m:  

ELYI—DIANGANDIANYADEKONGQIJICHUANQIANGDU(kV/m),YUBENGUIFANDI3.2.1TIAODIWUKUANSHUOMINGXIANGTONG,QU3000kV/mJISUAN。  

彩70app JIANGSHANGSHUYOUGUANSHUZHIDAIRU(3.9)SHIDE  

彩70app D=0.0191×30×200/3000=0.038M  

JISHIZAIGUANDAOJIANJUDADAO300mmDEQINGKUANGXIA,SUOGANYINGDEDIANYAJINKENENGJICHUAN0.038mDEQIXI。RUOJIANJUJIANDAO100mm,SUOGANYINGDEDIANYAJIUGENGXIAOLE(YOUYUMZHIJIANXIAO)。  

LIANJIECHUGUODUDIANZUBUDAYU0.03ΩSHI,YIJIDUIYOUBUSHAOYU5GENLUOSHUANLIANJIEDEFALANPANKEBUKUAJIEDEGUIDING,SHICANKAOGUOWAIZILIAOHEGUONEIDESHIJIANJINGYANQUEDINGDE。TIANJINMOUDANWEIANJIKEZUOGUOCESHI,YIXIEJILURUBIAO3.3,ZHEIXIESHICEZHISHIZAISANCHUGUANZHANCECHUDE。  

彩70app DISANKUAN,YOUYUYISHEYOUDULIBILEIZHEN(XIANHUOWANG),YINCI,LIUGUOFANGLEIDIANGANYINGJIEDIZHUANGZHIDEZHISHISHUZHIHENXIAODEGANYINGDIANLIU。ZAIJINSHUWUYIPUBIANJIEDIDEQINGKUANGXIA,DIANWEIFENBUJUNYUN。YINCI,BENKUANGUIDINGWEIGONGPINJIEDIDIANZUBUDAYU10Ω。ZAIGONGYONGJIEDIZHUANGZHIDECHANGHEXIA,JIEDIDIANZUZHIYAOMANZUGEZIYAOQIUDEZUZHIJIUKEYI,BUYAOQIUDADAOGENGDIDEJIEDIDIANZU。  

3.2.3DIYIKUAN,WEILEFANGZHILEIJIXIANLUSHIGAODIANWEIQINRUJIANZHUWUZAOCHENGWEIXIAN,DIYAXIANLUYICAIYONGDIANLANMAIDIYINRU,BUDEJIANGJIAKONGXIANLUZHIJIEYINRUWUNEI;DANGNANYUQUANZHANGCAIYONGDIANLANSHI,YUNXUCONGJIAKONGXIANSHANGHUANJIEYIDUANYOUJINSHUKAIZHUANGDEDIANLANHUOHUTAODIANLANCHUANGANGGUANMAIDIYINRU。ZHEISHI,XUYAOQIANGDIAODESHI,DIANLANSHOUDUANBIXUZHUANGSHEBILEIQIBINGYUJUEYUANZITIEJIAO、JINJU、DIANLANWAIPIDENGGONGTONGJIEDI,RUHUDUANDIANLANWAIPI、GANGGUANBIXUJIEDAOFANGLEIDIANGANYINGJIEDIZHUANGZHISHANG,DIANLANDUANCAINENGQIDAOYINGYOUDEBAOHUZUOYONG。  

DANGLEIDIANBODAODADIANLANSHOUDUANSHI,BILEIQIBEIJICHUAN,DIANLANWAIDAOTIYUXINJIETONG。YIBUFENLEIDIANLIUJINGSHOUDUANJIEDIDIANZURUDI,YIBUFENLEIDIANLIULIUJINGDIANLAN。YOUYULEIDIANLIUSHUYUGAOPIN(TONGCHANGWEISHUQIANHEZI),CHANSHENGJIFUXIAOYING,LIUJINGDIANLANDEDIANLIUBEIPAIJIDAOWAIDAOTISHANGQU。CIWAI,LIUJINGWAIDAOTIDELEIDIANLIUZAIXINXIANZHONGCHANSHENGGANYINGFANDIANSHI,CONGLILUNSHANGFENXIZAIMEIYOUJIFUXIAOYINGXIAJIANGSHILIUJINGXINXIANDEDIANLIUQUXIANGYULING。  

彩70app BENKUANGUIDINGMAIDIDIANLANZHANGDUBUXIAOYU2/P(m)SHIKAOLVDIANLANJINSHUWAIPI、XIAOZHUANG、GANGGUANDENGQISANLIUJIEDITIDEZUOYONG。JIEDITIZAICHONGJIDIANLIUXIA,QIYOUXIAOZHANGDUWEI2/P(m)。GUANYUCAIYONG2/PDELIYOUCANJIANBENGUIFANDI4.3.4TIAODESHUOMING。  

CIWAI,YOUXIANZHIMAIDIDIANLANZHANGDUBUYINGXIAOYU15m。ZHEISHIKAOLVJIAKONGXIANJUBAOZHAWEIXIANHUANJINGZHISHAOWEIGANGAODE1.5BEI,SHEGANGAOYIBANWEI10m,1.5BEIJIUSHI15m。  

DANGTURANGDIANZULVGUOGAO,DIANLANMAIDIZHANGDUGUOZHANGSHI,KECAIYONGHUANTUCUOSHI,SHIPZHIJIANGDI,LAISUODUANMAIDIDIANLANDEZHANGDU。  

3.2.4ZHENGRUGUIFANDI3.2.1TIAOSUOSHU。DIYILEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWUDEFANGZHIJILEICUOSHI,SHOUXIANYINGCAIYONGDULIBILEIZHENHUOJIAKONGBILEIXIAN(WANG)。BENTIAOZHISHIYONGYUTESHUQINGKUANG,JIYOUYUJIANZHUWUTAIGAOHUOQITAYUANYIN,BUNENGZHUANGSHEDULIBILEIZHENHUOJIAKONGBILEIXIANWANGSHI,CAIYUNXUCAIYONGFUSHEYUJIANZHUWUSHANGDEFANGLEIZHUANGZHIJINXINGBAOHU。  

彩70app DIERKUAN,CONGFALADILONGDEGUANDIANKAN,WANGGECHICUNHEYINXIAXIANJIANJUYUEXIAO,DUILEIDIANGANYINGDEPINGBIYUEHAO,JUBUQUYUDIANWEIFENBUJIAOJUNYUN。  

彩70app LEIDIANLIUTONGGUOYINXIAXIANRUDI,DANGYINXIAXIANSHULIANGJIAODUOQIEJIANJUJIAOXIAOSHI,LEIDIANLIUZAIJUBUQUYUFENBUYEJIUJIAOJUNYUN,YINXIAXIANSHANGDIANYAJIANGJIANXIAO,FANJIWEIXIANYEXIANGYINGJIANXIAO。  

DUIYINXIAXIANJIANJU,BENGUIFANXIANGIECI024YI1FANGLEIBIAOZHUNKAOLONG。RUGUOWANQUANCAIYONGGAIBIAOZHUN,ZEBENGUIFANDEDIYILEI、DIERLEI、DISANLEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWUDEYINXIAXIANWENJUXIANGYINGYINGWEI10、15、25m。DANKAOLVDAOWOGUOGONGYEJIANZHUWUDEZHUJU,YIBANJUNWEI6m,YINCI,AN6mDEBEISHUKAOLV,GUBENGUIFANDUIYINXIAXIANJIANJUXIANGYINGDINGWEI12、18、25m。  

彩70app DISIKUAN,DUIYUJIAOGAODEJIANZHUWU,YINXIAXIANHENZHANG,LEIDIANLIUDEDIANGANYAJIANGJIANGDADAOHENDADESHUZHI,XUYAOZAIMEIGEBUDAZI12mDEGAODUCHU,YONGJUNYAHUANJIANGGETIAOYINXIAXIANZAITONGYIGAODULIANJIEQILAI,BINGJIEDAOTONGYIGAODUDEWUNEIJINSHUWUTISHANG,YIJIANXIAOQIJIANDEDIANWEICHA,BIMIANFASHENGFANJI。  

YOUYUYAOQIUJIANGZHIJIEANZHUANGZAIJIANZHUWUSHANGDEFANGLEIZHUANGZHIYUGEZHONGJINSHUWUHUXIANGLIANJIE,BINGCAIQULERUOGANDENGDIANWEICUOSHI,GUBUBIKAOLVFANGZHIFANJIDEJULI。  

彩70app DIWUKUAN,GUANYUGONGTONGJIEDI:YOUYUFANGLEIZHUANGZHIZHIJIEZHUANGZAIJIAN、GOUZHUWUSHANG,YAOBAOCHIFANGLEIZHUANGZHIYUGEZHONGJINSHUWUTIZHIJIANDEANQUANJULIYICHENGWEIBUKENENG。CISHI,ZHINENGJIANGWUNEIGEZHONGJINSHUWUTIJIJINCHUJIANZHUWUDEGEZHONGJINSHUGUANXIAN,JINXINGYANGEDEJIEDI,ERQIESUOYOUJIEDIZHUANGZHIDOUBIXUGONGYONG,BINGJINXINGDUOCHULIANJIE,SHIFANGLEIZHUANGZHIHELINJINDEJINSHUWUTIDIANWEIXIANGDENGHUOJIANGDIQIJIANDEDIANWEICHA,YIFANGFANJIWEIXIAN。  

彩70app YIBANSHUOLAI,JIEDIDIANZUYUEDI,FANGLEIDEDAODEGAISHANYUEDUO。DANSHI,BUNENGYOUYUYAODADAOMOUYIHENDIDEJIEDIDIANZUERHUAFEIGUODA。CHUXIANFANJIWEIXIANKEYICONGJIBENJISUANGONGSHIU=1R+LDi/DtLAIPINGJIA,1RXIANGDUIYUJIANZHUWUNEIMOUYIXIAOFANWEIZHONGHUXIANGLIANJIEZAIYIQIDEJINSHUWU(BAOKUOFANGLEIZHUANGZHI)SHUOLAIDOUSHIYIYANGDE,TAMENZHIJIANDEDIANWEICHAYUFANGLEIZHUANGZHIDEJIEDIDIANZUWUGUAN。CIWAI,KAOLVDAOYICAIQUYANGEDEGEZHONGJINSHUWUYUFANGLEIZHUANGZHIZHIJIANDELIANJIEHEJUNYACUOSHI,GUBUBIYAOQIUHENDIDEJIEDIDIANZU。  

CONGFANGLEIGUANDIANCHUFA,JIAOHAOSHISHEGONGYONGJIEDIZHUANGZHI,TASHIHEGONGSUOYOUJIEDIZHIYONG(LIRUFANGLEI、DIYADIANLIXITONG、DIANXUNXITONG)。  

DILIUKUAN,WEILEJIANGLEIDIANLIULIUSANRENDADIERBUHUICHANSHENGWEIXIANDEGUODIANYA,JIEDIZHUANGZHIDEBUZHIHECHICUNBIJIEDIDIANZUDETEDINGZHIGENGZHONGYAO。RANER,TONGCHANGJIANYIYOUDIDEJIEDIDIANZU。  

彩70app BENKUANDEGUIDINGWANQUANCAIYONGIECI024YI1FANGLEIBIAOZHUN2.3.3.2DEGUIDING(JIEDITIDEBXINGBUZHI)。  

彩70app TU3.2XIGENJUGAIBIAOZHUNDETU2HUANCHENGBENGUIFANDEFANGLEIJIANZHUWULEIBIEDETU。GAIBIAOZHUNDUIJIEDITIBXINGBUZHIDEGUIDINGSHI:DUIYUHUANXINGJIEDITI(HUOJICHUJIEDITI),QISUOBAOWEIDEMIANJIDEPINGJUNJIHEBANJINGrYINGBUXIAOYUL1,JIr≥L1,L1SHIYUTU2(XIANGDANGYUBENSHUOMINGDETU3.2);DANGL1DAYURSHI,ZEBIXUZENGJIAFUJIADESHUIPINGFANGSHEXINGHUOCHUIZHI(HUOXIEXING)DAOTI,QIZHANGDUL1(SHUIPING)WEIL1=L1YIrHUOQIZHANGDULv(CHUIZHI)WEILv=L1-r/2。  

HUANXINGJIEDITI(HUOJICHUJIEDITI),QISUOBAOWEIDEMIANJIADEPINGJUNJIHEBANJINGrWEI:πr2=A,SUOYIr=/A/π。GENJUTU3·2,DUIYUDIYILEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWU,DANGP<500Ω·mSHIL1WEI5m,YINCI,DAOCHUBENKUANDI1XIANGDEGUIDING;DANGp=500~3000Ω·mSHI,L1YUpDEGUANXISHIYIGENXIEXIAN,CONGGAIXIEXIANSHANGZHAOCHUFANGBIANDERENLIANGDIANDEZUOBIAO,ZEKEQIUCHU1iYUPDEGUANXISHIWEIL1=11P-3600/380,SUOYI,DAOCHUBENKUANDI2XIANGDEGUIDING。`  

YOUYUJIEDITITONGCHANGKAOJINQIANG、JICHUFUSHE,SUOYIBUJIADESHUIPINGJIEDITIYIBANDOUSHICONGYINXIAXIANYUHUANXINGJIEDITIDELIANJIEDIANXIANGWAIYANSHEN,KEWEIYIGEN,YEKEWEIDUOGEN。  

YOUYUBENTIAOCAIYONGLERUOGANDENGDIANWEICUOSHI,BENKUANDEJIEDIDIANZUZHIBUSHIQIZHUYAOZUOYONG,YINCI,MEIYOUTICHUJIEDIDIANZUZHIDEJUTIYAOQIU。  

彩70app BENKUANSUOYAOQIUDEHUANXINGJIEDITIDEGONGPINJIEDIDIANZUR,ZAIQIBANJINGrDENGYUL1DECHANGHEXIA,DANGP=500~3000Ω·mSHI,DAYUECHUYU33~13Ω;DANGP<500Ω·mSHI,R=0.067p(Ω)。  

彩70app HUANXINGJIEDITIDEGONGPINJIEDIDIANZUDEJISUANSHIWEIR=2p/3d(Ω),d=1.13/A(m)。SHIZHONGPWEITURANGDIANZULV(Ω·m),AWEIHUANXINGJIEDITISUOBAOWEIDEMIANJI(m2)。DANGP=500Ω·m、d=10mSHI,R=2×500/3×10=33Ω。DANGP=3000Ω·m,d=2(11p-3600/380)SHI,R=2×3000×380/3×2(11×3000-3600)=3000×380/3×29400=12.9=13Ω  

彩70app DIQIKUAN,DUIDIYILEIFANGLEIJIANZHUWU,YOUYUGUNQIUBANJINGHrGUIDINGWEI30m(JIANBENGUIFANDEBIAO5.2.1),SUOYI,30mYISHANGYAOKAOLVFANGCEJI,BENKUANDI1XIANGDE“MEIGEBUDAYU6ni”SHICONGBENTIAOGUIDINGWUDINGJIESHANQICAIYONGBILEIWANGSHIQIWANGGECHICUNBUDAYU5m×5mHUO6m×4mKAOLVDE。YOUYUCEJIDEGAILVHELEIDIANLIUJIAOXIAO,WANGGEDEHENGXIANGJULIBUCAIYONG4m,ERANYINXIAXIANDEWEIZHI(QIJULIBUDAYU12m)KAOLV。  

DIBAKUAN,KAOLVDAOLEISHANZHIJIEJIYUBENJIANZHUWUDEFANGLEIZHUANGZHISHI,GONGYONGJIEDIZHUANGZHIDEDIANWEIJIANGSHENGGAO,KENENGJICHUANDIYAZHUANGZHIHUOYONGDIANSHEBEIDEJUEYUAN,BINGCANKAOIECI024YI1FANGLEIBIAOZHUNDI3.1.5KUAN(JIANBENGUIFANDI3.1.2TIAOSHUOMING),BENKUANBUCHONGGUIDING:“ZAIDIANYUANYINRUDEZONGPEIDIANXIANGCHUYIZHUANGSHEGUODIANYABAOHUQI”。  

GENJUIECBIAOZHUN,SHINEIDIYAZHUANGZHIDENAICHONGJIDIANYAZUIGAOJINWEI6kV。YOUYUBENTIAOSHIJIANGFANGLEIZHUANGZHIZHIJIEANZHUANGZAIJIANZHUWUSHANGHECAIYOUGONGYONGJIEDIZHUANGZHI,SUOYI,DANGFANGLEIZHUANGZHIZAOZHIJIELEIJISHI,JIASHELIUJINGKAOJINDIYADIANQIZHUANGZHICHUJIEDIZHUANGZHIDELEIDIANLIUWEI20kA,YIJIJIEDIZHUANGZHIDECHONGJIJIEDIDIANZUSHENZHIDIZHI1Ω,ZHEISHI,ZAIJIEDIZHUANGZHISHANGDIANWEISHENGGAOWEI20kV。YEJIUSHISHUO,DIYADIANQIZHUANGZHIJIELEDIDEJINSHUWAIQIAODEDIANWEIBIDAIDIANTI(XIANGDAOTI)YEYUEGAO20kV。TABIQIANSHUDE6kVNAIYAGAODEDUO。RUGUOZAIXIANGDAOTIYUDIZHIJIANBUZHUANGGUODIANYABAOHUQI,ZEZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,ZAIDIYADIANQIZHUANGZHIJUEYUANJIAORUOCHUKENENGBEIJICHUANERZAOCHENGDUANLU、FASHENGHUOHUA、SUNHUAISHEBEI,ZHEISHIYOUWEIXIANDE。RUODUANLUDIANLIUXIAO(JIZHANGQIYOUJIAODADELOUDIANLIU,DANYOUBUNENGSHIBAOHUSHEBEIJISHIDONGZUOQIEDUANXIANLU),SHIJIANYIZHANGZEKENENGYINQIWAIQIAOSHENGWENERFASHENGGUHUOHUOZAI。  

3.2.5GENJUYUAN《JIANZHUFANGLEISHEJIGUIFAN》BIANXIEZUDIAOCHADEJIGELIZI,LEIJISHUMUYINQIDEFANJI,QIJULIJUNWEICHAOGUO2m,LIRU,ZHONGQINGMOUJIEHEBINGYIYUAN、NANNINGMOUKUANGSHANJIXIECHANG、GUANGDONGHUAXIANMOUXUEXIAOJIHAINANDAOMOUZHONGXUEDENGYOUYULEIJISHUMUERCHANSHENGDEFANJIJUNWEICHAOGUO2m。KAOLVANQUANXISHUHOU,XIANGUIDINGJINGJUBUYINGXIAOYU5m。